Unit History

12th Alabama Infantry Regiment Company D  

The Coffee County Rangers, also known as the Coffee County Volunteers, was organized before the war as a home militia. The initial muster roll was dated December 6, 1860 (one month before Alabama seceded). The unit was officially commissioned by an Act of the Confederate Congress on the 21st.August 1861. The unit became Company D of the 12th Alabama Infantry Regiment.  This was the first combat unit to form in Coffee County and march off to war.

For more information,  Alabama Department of Archives and History

Company D, 12th Alabama Infantry Regiment Essay



Organized May-July, 1861

Surrendered Appomattox - April 9, 1865

Original recruits - 1196
Additional recruits - 321

Surrendered at Appomattox, approx. 50 of the original and 70 of the later recruits. Nearly 250 died of wounds, and 200 died of disease, 202 were discharged. The battle-flag of the regiment is now in Mobile (ca. 1902).


Jones, Col. Robert T.
Gayle, Col. Bristor. B.
Pickens, Col. Samuel B.
O'Hara, Lieut. Col. Theodora
Goodgame, Lieut. Col. J. C.
Tracy, Maj. E. D.
Brown, Maj. John C.
Proskauer, Maj. Adolph
Pickens, Adjutant S. B.
Gayle, Adjutant L.


General R. S. Ewell
Battle's Brigade, Rodes Division, Early's Corps.


Manassas - July 22, 1861
Williamsburg - May 4, 1862
Seven Pines - May 30, 1862
Seven Days Battle - June 1862
Cold Harbor
Gaines' Mills
Frazier's Farm
Malvern Hill
Fredericksburg - December 13-14, 1862
Chancellorsville - May 2, 1863
Gettysburg - July 1-3, 1863
Orange Courthouse - August, 1863
Warrenton Springs - October 12, 1863
Bristow Station - October 14, 1863
Locust Grove - November 27, 1863
Mine Run - November 28, 1863
Wilderness - May 5, 1864
Boonsboro, MD - September 14, 1864
Winchester - September 19, 1864
Mine Run
Snicker's Gap
Warrenton Court House
Spotsylvania Court House
Appomattox Court House - April 9, 1865